Revista austral de ciencias sociales
ISSN 0718-1795 versión on-line
ROVIRA RUBIO, Rayén. La pobreza en Chile y su superación como problema de estado: Un análisis de los discursos presidenciales de la concertación. Rev. austral cienc. soc., 2016, no.30, p.27-51. ISSN 0718-1795.
This article summarizes the main results of the thesis of the same name, in which we studied how the Chilean government defined poverty as a social problem and the poor as a subject of government between 1990 and 2010. The strategy used for the investigation was Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough 1989; van Dijk & Mendizabal 1999), which was applied to analyse a corpus consisting of messages issued by governments from the Coalition of Parties for Democracy on May, 21st. It is concluded that the discourse about the confrontation of poverty establishes a social identity of the poor as a principle of social inclusion, setting this as a basic criterion for the benefit of social policies, considering poverty as a problem that belongs mainly to the poor and the social intervention as necessary due to the inability of poor people to overcome their condition by themselves.
Palabras Clave: Poor; poverty; Critical Discourse Analysis; social policy; Chile.
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