Bosque (Valdivia)  vol.37 no.3; Resumen: S0717-92002016000300018
Revistas Electrónicas UACh
Web Sistema de Bibliotecas UACh
Formulario de Contacto Revistas Electrónicas UACh (OFF)
Revistas Electrónicas UACh - Bosque (Valdivia)
 
vol.37 no.3Morfometría de la copa de Araucaria angustifolia en sitios naturales en el sur de BrasilComportamiento térmico de las semillas de calafate (Berberis buxifolia)  Indice de autoresIndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Inicio revistalista alfabética de revistas  
-

Bosque (Valdivia)
ISSN 0717-9200 versión on-line

 
  Como citar este artículo
  Agregar a favoritos
  Enviar a e-mail


Resumen

TRICALLOTIS, Marcos. ¿En qué contexto surge la certificación forestal en Chile?: desempeño ambiental, social y económico de empresas no certificadas. Bosque (Valdivia), 2016, vol.37, no.3, p.613-624. ISSN 0717-9200.

Worldwide, the forest industry faces sustainability challenges that have not been adequately addressed by traditional governance instruments. It is necessary to deepen understanding, from a social sciences standpoint, of the sustainability issues faced by the Chilean forest sector and how - within that context - forest certification arose and evolved. The empirical research reported in this paper sampled 11 plantation forestry and 8 native forestry businesses, and conducted semi-structured interviews of 72 forest industry and forest governance stakeholders in 2013-2014. Results indicated that large plantation forestry businesses, whilst the most economically successful, experienced the largest gaps in environmental and social sustainability - given their covered area. In contrast, native forest owners and small and medium-sized plantation forestry businesses had fewer environmental and social issues, but they were also less economically successful. Due to the perception of international markets and some key stakeholders that traditional state governance was not adequately addressing these sustainability issues, FSC certification arose as an alternative governance mechanism. FSC certification was initially strongly resisted by the large-scale plantation forestry industry, which, with the assistance of the Chilean government, developed a competing national certification scheme: CERTFOR. More recently, major plantation forestry businesses have also adopted FSC certification. It is evident from the research that regulatory changes in plantation forestry, to set clear and equitable rules for all the actors, would enhance achievement of environmental and social sustainability objectives; and that a more appropriate incentive program is necessary to encourage the sustainable management of native forests.

Palabras Clave: forest governance; forest certification; plantation forests; native forests; sustainability.

        · resumen en español     · texto en español     · pdf en español


© 2017 • Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Austral de Chile
Teléfono/Fax: 56 63 221998 • Casilla 567 • Campus Isla Teja S/N • Valdivia • Chile
E-mail: